All Singapore incorporated companies are required to file financial statements with ACRA, except for those which are exempted. Some companies will file a full set of financial statements in XBRL format, while some others will file only salient financial data in XBRL format and a full set of financial statements in PDF. The filing requirements depend on the type of company you own (see table below).

If you own a sole proprietorship, partnership, or limited partnership, you are not required to file financial statements with ACRA. 

Type of company Financial statements you need to file

Public / private companies (limited or unlimited by shares), except those under (a) and (b) below

Full set of financial statements in XBRL format.

(a) Specific companies regulated by MAS, such as commercial banks, merchant banks, insurance companies, and finance companies*

*Companies other than the specified types (e.g. money changers) are required to file a full set of XBRL financial statements

Financial Statements Highlights in XBRL format, plus PDF copy of the financial statements.

(b) Companies permitted to use accounting standards other than SFRS, SFRS for Small Entities, and IFRS**

** SFRS stands for Singapore Financial Reporting Standards and IFRS stands for International Financial Reporting Standards

Financial Statements Highlights in XBRL format, plus PDF copy of the financial statements.

Solvent Exempt Private Companies (EPCs)

Exempted from filing financial statements. Nonetheless, you are encouraged to file the full set of financial statements or the financial statement highlights in XBRL format.

Insolvent EPCs

You must either:
(a) file a full set of financial statements in XBRL format, or

(b) financial statements highlights in XBRL format, plus a PDF copy of the financial statements.

Companies limited by guarantee

PDF copy of the financial statements

Foreign companies, or local branches of foreign companies

PDF copy of the financial statements

Differences between a solvent and insolvent EPC

A private company can have not more than 50 members. An exempt private company (EPC) can be a private company with less than 20 members, and does not have any corporations holding beneficial interest in its shares (whether directly or indirectly). An EPC can also be a private company owned by the Government that is declared in the Gazette to be an EPC.

  • An EPC is insolvent if it is unable to meet its debts when they are due. Insolvent EPCs are required to file financial statements as mentioned above.
  • Solvent EPCs only need to make an online declaration of their solvency, and filing financial statements is voluntary.
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