Audit Regulation

An independent auditor's report enhances the credibility and reliability of an entity's financial statements. The report states whether the financial statements comply with financial reporting standards, and are true and fair, based on the auditor's evaluation of the evidence obtained during the audit process.

In Singapore, only public accountants practising in accounting entities approved by ACRA may provide an audit opinion on financial statements.

Through its independent oversight of public accountants and accounting entities, ACRA enables a high degree of confidence in Singapore's audited financial information.

Practice Monitoring Programme (PMP) and Quality Control (QC) Reviews

Under the PMP, ACRA inspects audits performed by public accountants to assess if they have complied with the professional standards (i.e. Singapore Standards on Auditing (SSAs) and/or other requirements) when rendering public accountancy services.

Under the QC reviews, ACRA assesses the quality controls of accounting entities against the Singapore Standards on Quality Management (SSQM 1 and SSQM 2).

Anti-Money Laundering / Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Requirements Reviews

Under the AML/CFT requirements reviews, ACRA assesses the compliance with the AML/CFT requirements by accounting entities and public accountants.  The AML/CFT requirements refer to the prescribed requirements relating to the detection and prevention of money laundering or the financing terrorism by public accountants and accounting entities.

Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics for Public Accountants and Accounting Entities

All registered public accountants must adhere to the Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics for Public Accountants and Accounting Entities (ACRA Code) prescribed by the Public Accountants Oversight Committee.  A breach of the ACRA Code constitutes grounds for disciplinary proceedings under the Accountants Act.

Regulatory Notices

Orders Issued on Public Accountants

Orders Issued on Accounting Entities

  • Arising from Quality Control Reviews
  • Arising from Non-Compliance with an order issued by the Public Accountants Oversight Committee (Firm Level)
  • Arising from Disciplinary Proceedings - Gazette

Guides for Public Accountants

Guides for Public Accounting Entities

Publications and Other Resources

Professional Accountancy Bodies in Singapore

Guidance and reports relevant to auditing and financial reporting are also available from professional accountancy bodies in Singapore:

International Audit Quality Resources

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