What is a Register of Registrable Controllers (RORC)?

The RORC is a document maintained privately by corporate entities (i.e. companies, foreign companies and LLPs) with information of their controllers. The information maintained in this register includes the names and identifying details of their controllers as well as information on their citizenship or places of registration in the case of legal entities.

Who can be a “Controller” of a Company?
A Controller is defined as an individual or a legal entity that has a “significant interest” in or “significant control” over the company.

Controller based on Significant Interest
A controller who has significant interest in a company may include any of the following:

Companies with Share Capital Companies without Share Capital  

An individual who has:

  • Interest in more than 25% of the shares
  • Shares with more than 25% of total voting power in the company

An individual who has :

  • Right to share in more than 25% of the capital or profits of the company  

Controller based on significant control
A controller who has significant control over a company is a person who:   

  • holds the right to appoint or remove directors who hold a majority of the voting rights at directors’ meetings;
  • holds more than 25% of the rights to vote on matters that are to be decided upon by a vote of the members of the company; or
  • exercises or has the right to exercise significant influence or control over the company.


Who can be a “Controller” of a LLP?
A controller of the LLP is a person who:  

  • holds, directly or indirectly a right to share in more than 25% of the capital, or more than 25% of the profits, of the LLP; or a right to share more than 25% of any surplus assets of an LLP on a winding up;
  • holds the right, directly or indirectly, to appoint or remove the manager of the LLP, or if the LLP has more than one manager, a majority of the managers of the LLP;
  • holds the right, directly or indirectly, to appoint or remove the persons who hold a majority of the voting rights at meetings of the management body of the LLP;
  • holds, directly or indirectly, more than 25% of the rights to vote on those matters that are to be decided upon by a vote of the partners of the LLP; and/ or
  • has the right to exercise, or actually exercises, significant influence or control over an LLP.

Entities required to maintain RORC
All companies, foreign companies, and Limited Liability Partnerships are required to maintain a RORC unless they are exempted.

Setting up RORC

Companies may keep their registers electronically or in hardcopy format.

When to set up?

Companies are required to each maintain a register of registrable controllers within the following timelines:

  • Companies incorporated on or after 31 March 2017: within 30 days after the date of incorporation;
  • Existing companies incorporated before 31 March 2017: within 60 days after 31 March 2017;
  • Companies which are not required to maintain the register but are subsequently required to do so: within 60 days after the date of being required to maintain the register. For example, a company that was listed on Singapore Exchange but is subsequently delisted must keep a register of registrable controllers within 60 days of being delisted. 

Maintaining RORC

Prescribed locations to maintain RORC
RORC are to be maintained at the registered office address or the registered office address of their appointed Registered Filing Agents


What are the information to be included in the RORC?
For controllers who are individuals:

  1. Full name;
  2. Aliases, if any;
  3. Residential address;
  4. Nationality;
  5. Identity card number or passport number;
  6. Date of birth;
  7. Date of becoming a controller; and
  8. Date of cessation as a controller, if applicable.

For controllers that are corporate entities:

  1. Name;
  2. Unique entity number, if any;
  3. Address of registered office;
  4. Legal form of the corporate controller;
  5. Jurisdiction where the corporate controller is formed of incorporated and under which law;
  6. Name of authority in which the corporate controller is formed or incorporated, if applicable;
  7. Identification number or registration number issued to the corporate controller when it was formed or incorporated, if applicable;
  8. Date of becoming a controller; and
  9. Date of cessation as a controller, if applicable.

When to update changes?
Entities maintaining RORC must update the changes within:

  • 2 business days after the particulars have been “confirmed”; or
  • 2 business days after the end of 30 days after the date on which the notice is sent by the company to the registrable controller.

Lodging RORC information with ACRA

All companies, foreign companies and limited liability partnerships (LLPs), unless exempted, are required to lodge their RORC information with ACRA. The information must be lodged with ACRA within two business days after the RORC has been setup.

Through your Registered Filing Agent

You can instruct and authorise your RFA to perform this lodgement for you with ACRA.

Self-submission

If you wish to lodge the RORC information with ACRA on your own as a position holder (i.e., directors and secretaries of company/partners and managers of LLPs), you can do so via BizFile+ (www.bizfile.gov.sg), ACRA’s online filing portal. The filing process has been kept simple after taking into account feedback from corporate service providers and some companies.

What you need to do

  1. Ensure that the information maintained in your own RORC is accurate and up-to-date before you lodge the same information with ACRA.
  2. Log on to BizFile+ with your CorpPass.
  3. Click on “e-Services” > “Others” > “Update Register of Registrable Controllers”.
  4. Select “No” to indicate that the entity is not exempted from the requirements, and then proceed with completing the e-form before submitting the transaction.

There are no fees payable for lodging RORC information with ACRA.
Please refer to the step by step eGuide (PDF, 1MB) if you require further assistance in lodging your RORC information with ACRA.

Updating RORC information with ACRA

If there are changes to the RORC information of your entity, you must first update the information on your Register of Registrable Controllers (RORC) maintained at your registered office address or at the address of your appointed registered filing agent (RFA). Following which, you must lodge the updates with ACRA’s Central Register of Controllers within two business days.

Alternatively, you may also wish to instruct and authorise your RFA to perform this lodgement for you with ACRA.

There is no fee required for this transaction.

To update your RORC information with ACRA, visit www.bizfile.gov.sg > File eServices > Others > Update Register of Registrable Controllers.

Penalties for not maintaining RORC information with ACRA

Failure to do so is an offence that can attract a fine of up to $5,000 upon conviction.

Frequently Asked Questions

Please click here to access the list of FAQs.

Help Resources

Please click here to access the help resources available to guide companies, foreign companies and LLPs to comply with the requirement.

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